ENV432H1: Urban Ecology


The ecology of urban areas through consideration of the biological and physical environments, in particular how the human-constructed environment alters pre-existing biophysical conditions and interactions. Encompasses a comparative perspective to study the development of these emerging ecosystems of increasing importance given global urbanization. One or two Saturday field trips (a fee of approximately $15 may be charged for field trip transportation.)


BIO220H1 and at least one of EEB319H1/​EEB321H1/​EEB365H1/​ENV334H1

Distribution Requirements: 
Breadth Requirements: 
Living Things and Their Environment (4)