HBA/HBSc Requirements

Degree Requirements:
Honours Bachelor of Arts (HBA)/Honours Bachelor of Science (HBSc)

Number of Credits (Full Course Equivalents; FCE)
20.0. At least 10.0 FCE must be offered by the Faculty of Arts & Science.
Level of Credits
Maximum 6.0 at the 100-level
At least 6.0 at the 300/400-level
Program Requirements
1 Specialist, or
2 Majors*, or
1 Major + 2 Minors*
* must consist of 12.0 different FCE
Cumulative Grade Point Average (GPA)
1.85
Breadth Requirement
The Breadth Requirement can be completed in one of two ways: (a) at least 1.0 FCE in each of 4 of the 5 categories below, or (b) at least 1.0 FCE in each of any 3 of the 5 categories, and at least 0.5 FCE in each of the other 2 categories.
1 Creative and Cultural Representations
2. Thought, Belief, and Behaviour
3. Society and Its Institutions
4. Living Things and Their Environment
5. The Physical and Mathematical Universes
 
To qualify for an Honours Bachelor of Arts (HBA) or Honours Bachelor of Science (HBSc), a student must:
 
a) Obtain standing (i.e., complete with a mark of 50% or higher/P/CR) in at least 20.0 Full Course Equivalents (FCE) that meet the following criteria:
  • No more than 6.0 FCE at the 100-level.
  • At least 6.0 FCE at the 300+ level (no more than 1.0 FCE at the 300+ level in transfer credit may be counted towards these 6.0 FCE, with the exception of transfer credits attained through a University of Toronto exchange program; students participating in an approved exchange program may count all 300+ level transfer credits awarded from the exchange toward this requirement).
  • At least 10.0 FCE from Faculty of Arts & Science courses. Note that transfer credits attained through a University of Toronto exchange program contribute to this 10.0 FCE minimum.
  • No more than 15.0 FCE may have the same three-letter designator (“AST”, “ENG”, etc.). Courses beyond this limit will not be included in the 20.0 FCE required for the degree, but will be counted in all other respects.
b) Complete one of the following: 
  • One Specialist program (which includes at least one FCE at the 400-level), or
  • Two Major programs, which must include at least 12.0 different FCE, or
  • One Major and two Minor programs, which must include at least 12.0 different FCE
Whether a student receives an HBA or HBSc depends on the programs that are completed; see Program Requirements
 
c) Complete the Arts & Science Breadth Requirement.
 
d) Obtain a Cumulative GPA of 1.85 or more by the time of graduation. Students who meet all the requirements for the HBA/HBSc except for the GPA requirement may elect to graduate with a Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science degree provided that their final Cumulative GPA is between 1.5 and 1.84. 
 

Program Requirements 

Completion of one or more programs is only one part of the general degree requirements. Variations made in program details for individual students do not in any way affect degree requirements. Programs are groupings of courses in one or more disciplines.

Programs of Study are one of:

  • Specialist Program: a sequence of between 10.0 and 14.0 Full Course Equivalents (FCE) in one or more disciplines (note that some interdisciplinary Specialist programs may require up to 16.0 FCE). Specialist programs must include at least 4.0 300+series FCE, at least 1.0 FCE of which must be at the 400-level. 
  • Major Program: a sequence of between 6.0 and 8.0 FCE in one or more disciplines. Major programs must include at least 2.0 300+series FCEs, at least 0.5 FCE of which must be at the 400-level. 
  • Minor Program: a sequence of 4.0 FCEs in one or more disciplines. Minor programs must include at least 1.0 FCE at the 300+level. 

Please note:

Some courses included as program options may have prerequisites as requirements not listed in the program but which must be taken. Programs which list optional courses do not necessarily list their prerequisites. Students are responsible for fulfilling prerequisites; students enrolled in courses for which they do not have the published prerequisites may have their registration in those courses cancelled at any time without warning.

 
Students are required to:
  • Enrol in at least one and no more than three programs (of which only two can be Majors or Specialists), in the session in which they pass the fourth Full Course Equivalent (FCE). See the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for details. Students admitted with transfer credit for 4.0 FCE or more must enrol in programs immediately upon admission.
  • Meet any enrolment requirements for a program as stated in the Calendar. 
  • The programs(s) completed determine whether a student receives the Honours Bachelor of Science (HBSc) or the Honours Bachelor of Arts (HBA) degree upon graduation. Each program entry lists the type of degree it leads to. For example, in the English section, the English Specialist listing is followed by “Arts program”; in the Mathematics section, the Math Major is followed by “Science program”, etc. A student completing one Specialist in an Arts area would receive the HBA; a student completing one Specialist in a Science area would receive the HBSc.
For program combinations that include more than one area (Arts and Science), the following applies:
  • A student completing one Major in a Science area and one Major in an Arts area has a choice of either the HBSc or the HBA.
  • In combinations of one Major and two Minors, the type of degree depends on the areas of the three programs.  For example, if the Major is in a Science area and the two Minors are in Arts areas (or vice versa), the student has a choice of either the HBSc or the HBA.  If the Major and one Minor are in Science areas and the other Minor is in an Arts area, the student would receive the HBSc. Similarly, if the Major and one Minor are in Arts areas and the other Minor is in a Science area, the student would receive the HBA.
  • A student completing one Specialist in a Science area and an additional Major in an Arts area (or vice versa) has a choice of either the HBSc or the HBA.
  • Students enrolled in either two Majors or one Major and two Minors must ensure they have a minimum of 12.0 different Full Course Equivalents (FCE) between the programs.

For example:

  • For a student enrolled in the Physiology Major (8.0 FCE) and the Biology Major (8.0 FCE):
    • In order to meet the 12.0 different FCE requirement, they may have up to 4.0 overlapping FCE between their Majors (8.0 + 8.0 = 16.0; 16.0 – 12.0 = 4.0).
    • These two programs contain 3.0 core FCE in common: (BIO120H1+BIO130H1), (CHM138H1+CHM139H1), and (BIO220H1+BIO230H1). Therefore, they may take up to 1.0 more overlapping FCE between the majors. In short, 8.0 for PSL + 8.0 for BIO = 16.0 FCE; 16.0 FCE - 12.0 different FCE = 4.0 FCE overlap allowed.
  • For a student enrolled in the Economics Major (7.0 FCE) and the Statistics Major (6.5 FCE):
    • In order to meet the 12.0 different FCE requirement, they may have up to 1.5 overlapping FCE between their Majors (7.0 + 6.5 = 13.5; 13.5 – 12.0= 1.5).
    • They take MAT135Y1 and STA257H1+STA261H1 (2.0 FCE total) towards both programs. Since they have exceeded the 1.5 FCE overlap limit by 0.5, they must take an additional 0.5 FCE towards one of the Majors so that they will have 12.0 different FCE between them.

Self-Designed Programs

In rare circumstances, a student may propose to design their own program, which must be substantially different from any program in this Calendar. Such cases are exceptional. Such a program, if formally adopted by the student’s College on the basis of its academic rigour and coherence, and if approved by the Office of the Dean, will be accepted as fulfilling the degree requirement for certification in a program (transcripts indicate only “Completed Self-designed Program approved by ’X’ College”). Since the approval process is necessarily a long one, students following this alternative must discuss this process with their College Registrar immediately after completion of 4.0 credits in the Faculty.

Breadth Requirement

The purpose of the Breadth Requirement is to ensure all students graduating with a degree from the Faculty of Arts & Science have chosen courses across a broad range of subject areas in the Faculty as part of their undergraduate education. 

The five Breadth Requirement Categories are: 

  1. Creative and Cultural Representations
  2. Thought, Belief, and Behaviour
  3. Society and Its Institutions
  4. Living Things and Their Environment
  5. The Physical and Mathematical Universes

The Breadth Requirement can be completed in one of two ways: 

  • at least 1.0 full course equivalent (FCE) in each of 4 of the 5 categories below, or 
  • at least 1.0 full course equivalent (FCE) in each of any 3 of the 5 categories, and at least 0.5 FCE in each of the other 2 categories.
Most courses in the Faculty of Arts & Science are classified into five Breadth categories by subject content. A few courses do not have a Breadth Requirement assigned and therefore do not count toward this degree requirement. Students may count towards the Breadth Requirement any course which has a Breadth designation, and in which they have achieved standing (a grade of 50% or higher/P/CR), including courses completed toward program (Specialist, Major, Minor) requirements. Courses that have been designated Extra can contribute toward the Breadth Requirement. 
 
A course’s Breadth designation can be found following the course description in the Calendar for the year in which the course is taken; in the instance where a course does not have a Breadth category, the Breadth Requirement will not appear in the course description. 
 
For example:
 
    HIS103Y1 Statecraft and Strategy: An Introduction to the History of International Relations [48L/20T] 
    An analysis of the development of the international system, from 1648 to 1945, which highlights
    the role of war as an instrument of national policy, as a determinant of the system of states and
    as a threat to international society.
    Exclusion: any 100-level HIS course, with the exception of AP, IB, CAPE, or GCE transfer credits.
    Breadth Requirement: Society and its Institutions (3)
   
    HIS103Y1 counts as 1.0 FCE in Category 3 (Society and Its Institutions).
   
    ENG215H1 The Canadian Short Story [36L]
    An introduction to the Canadian short story, this course emphasizes its rich variety of settings, subjects, and styles.
    Prerequisite: 1.0 ENG FCE or any 4.0 FCE
    Breadth Requirements: Creative and Cultural Representations (1)
 
    ENG215H1 counts as 0.5 FCE in Category 1 (Creative and Cultural Representations).
   
    ANT100Y1 Introduction to Anthropology [48L/12T]
    Society and culture from various anthropological perspectives: socio-cultural, biological,
    archaeological, and linguistic.
    Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4) 
    Society and its Institutions (3)
 
    ANT100Y1 counts as 0.5 FCE in Category 3 (Society and its Institutions) and 0.5 FCE in Category 4 (Living Things and Their Environment).